Contemporary artists (Wim Henderickx, Joana Vasconcelos, Imran Qureshi) use elements from cultural heritage and traditions in their creations. In the same direction, the ambition of this research is to study the exchange of influences between traditional culture and music from nowadays, re-inventing those elements in new compositions. Through the analysis of works written by eight composers (Giorgio Battistelli, Nuno Costa, Wim Henderickx, Toshio Hosokawa, Cândido Lima, Ângela da Ponte, Jorge Prendas and Amilcar Vasques-Dias), I will investigate how they have been using traditional culture as an artistic influence. This will develop my critical viewpoint in the used techniques, providing new ways to incorporate Portuguese traditional elements (traditional labours, rites and other cultural habits, genres, melodies, harmonies, rhythms and typical instruments) in six new compositions. In addition, an article, lectures, concerts and a seminar will be prepared and presented in Belgium (Antwerp), France (Lille) and Portugal (Braga and Porto). This project expands my research “Elements of Portuguese Traditional Music in Contemporary Composition”(2014) and “The Influence of Traditional Culture in New Art Music Creation” (2016), accomplished at the Royal Conservatoire Antwerp.